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3. Liste des recensements et enquêtes démographiques en Afrique (depuis 1944) / List of censuses and demographic surveys in Africa (since 1944)

Cette liste est celle des opérations démographiques nationales (recensements et enquêtes) réalisées sur l'ensemble des pays et territoires du continent africain / This is the list of national demographic operations (censuses and surveys) carried out in all the countries and territories of the African continent.

Dernière mise à jour : octobre 2020 / Last updated: october 2020.

La typologie des opérations est celle utilisée dans la base de données / The typology of operations is the one used in the database.

 

  • aed : autre enquête démographique / other demographic survey
  • aes : autre enquête statistique comportant des questions démographiques / other statistic survey with demographic questions
  • ecr : enquête complémentaire, réalisée après un recensement / post-census survey
  • eds : enquête démographique et de santé (EDS) / demographic and health survey (DHS)
  • eim : enquête par grappes à indicateurs multiples (EGIM) / Multiple Indicators Cluster Survey (MICS) (UNICEF)
  • emf : enquête sur la fécondité de l’Enquête Mondiale sur la Fécondité (EMF) / fertility survey of World Fertility Survey (WFS)
  • epr : enquête à passages répétés / multi-round survey
  • mig : enquête sur les migrations (et éventuellement de la main-d’œuvre) / migration survey (and occasionaly mampower survey)
  • onc : opération nationale complexe (comportant plusieurs composantes locales, recensements ou enquêtes) / complex national survey with some local components, census or surveys)
  • rad : recensement administratif / administrative census
  • rec : recensement / census
  • tds : enquête de type eds / survey like dhs-eds

 

Afrique du Sud/South Africa

1946 (rec), 1951 (rec), 1960 (rec), 1970 (rec), 1980 (rec), 1985 (rec), 1987-1989 (aed), 1990 (aed), 1991 (rec), 1996 (rec), 1998 (eds), 2001 (rec), 2003-2004 (eds), 2011 (rec), 2016 (eds)

 

Algérie / Algeria

1948 (rec), 1954 (rec), 1966 (rec), 1970 (aed), 1970-1971 (epr), 1977 (rec), 1986 (aed), 1987 (rec), 1992 (tds), 1995 (eim), 1998 (rec), 2000 (eim), 2002 (tds), 2006 (eim), 2008 (rec), 2012-2013 (eim), 2018-2019 (eim)

 

Angola

1950 (rec), 1960 (rec), 1970 (rec), 1983-1986 (rec), 1996 (eim), 2001 (eim), 2006-2007 (eds), 2014 (rec), 2015-2016 (eds)

 

Bénin / Benin

1961 (aed), 1979 (rec), 1981-1983 (epr), 1982 (emf), 1992 (rec), 1996 (eds), 2000 (mig), 2001 (eds), 2002 (rec), 2006 (eds), 2006-2007 (aes), 2011-2012 (eds), 2013 (rec), 2014 (eim), 2017-2018 (eds)

 

Botswana

1961 (aed), 1964 (rec), 1971 (rec), 1978-1979 (aed), 1981 (rec), 1984 (aed), 1986-1987 (aed), 1988 (eds), 1991 (rec), 1996 (aed), 1999 (mig), 2000 (eim), 2001 (rec), 2011 (rec)

 

Burkina Faso

1960-1962 (onc), 1969 (aed), 1972-1973 (mig), 1974-1975 (mig), 1975 (rec), 1976 (ecr), 1985 (rec), 1991 (aed), 1992-1993 (eds), 1993 (mig), 1994-1995 (aes), 1996 (rec), 1996 (eim), 1998 (aes), 1998-1999 (eds), 2000-2002 (mig), 2003 (aes), 2003 (eds), 2006 (rec), 2006 (eim), 2007 (aes), 2009 (mig), 2010-2011 (eds), 2018 (aes), 2019-2020 (rec)

 

Burundi

1952 (aed), 1965 (aed), 1970-1971 (epr), 1974 (aed), 1979 (rec), 1979 (ecr), 1986 (mig), 1987 (eds), 1990 (rec), 1996 (eim), 1998-1999 (aes), 2000 (eim), 2002 (aed), 2005 (eim), 2006 (aes), 2008 (rec), 2010-2011 (eds), 2013-2014 (aes), 2016-2017 (eds)

 

Cameroun / Cameroon

1958-1965 (onc), 1966-1969 (rad), 1976 (rec), 1978 (emf), 1983-1984 (aes), 1987 (rec), 1991 (eds), 1996 (aes), 1998 (eds), 2000 (eim), 2001 (aes), 2004 (eds), 2005 (rec), 2006 (eim), 2007 (aes), 2011 (eds), 2012 (mig), 2014 (eim), 2018-2019 (eds)

 

Cap vert / Cape Verde

1950 (rec), 1960 (rec), 1970 (rec), 1980 (rec), 1988 (aed), 1990 (rec), 1998 (tds), 2000 (rec), 2005 (eds), 2010 (rec)

 

Centrafrique / Central African Republic

1955-1960 (onc), 1961-1963 (rec), 1965 (rad), 1975 (rec), 1988 (rec), 1992-1993 (aes), 1994-1995 (eds), 2000 (eim), 2003 (rec), 2006 (eim), 2010-2011 (eim), 2018-2019 (eim)

 

Chad see Tchad

 

Comores / Comoros

1958 (rec), 1966 (rec), 1980 (rec), 1991 (rec), 1996 (eds), 2000 (eim), 2003 (rec), 2012 (eds), 2017 (rec)

 

Congo

1958-1962 (onc), 1974 (rec), 1984 (rec), 1996 (rec), 2005 (aes), 2005 (eds), 2007 (rec), 2011-2012 (eds), 2014-2015 (eim)

 

Congo (R. D.) / Congo (Dem. Rep.)

1955-1958 (aed), 1970 (rad), 1974-1977 (onc), 1984 (rec), 1995 (eim), 2001 (eim), 2007 (eds), 2010 (eim), 2013-2014 (eds), 2017-2018 (eim)

 

Côte d’Ivoire

1950-1955 (rad), 1955-1958 (onc), 1960-1965 (rad), 1961-1968 (onc), 1975 (rec), 1978-1979 (epr), 1980-1981 (emf), 1985-1988 (aes), 1988 (rec), 1993 (mig), 1994 (eds), 1998 (rec), 1998-1999 (eds), 2000 (eim), 2005 (eds), 2006 (eim), 2011-2012 (eds), 2014 (rec), 2016 (eim)

 

Djibouti

1983 (rec), 1989 (aed), 1991 (aed), 1996 (aed), 2002 (tds), 2002 (aes), 2006 (eim), 2009 (rec), 2012 (aes), 2012 (tds), 2017 (aes)

 

Égypte / Egypt

1947 (rec), 1960 (rec), 1966 (rec), 1974-1975 (aed), 1976 (rec), 1980 (emf), 1986 (rec), 1988-1989 (eds), 1991-1992 (tds), 1992-1993 (eds), 1995-1996 (eds), 1996 (rec), 1996 (eim), 1997 (eds), 1998 (eds), 2000 (eds), 2003 (eds), 2005 (eds), 2006 (rec), 2008 (eds), 2014 (eds), 2017 (rec)

 

Equatorial Guinea see Guinée Équatoriale

 

Érythrée / Eritrea

1948 (rad), 1964-1967 (aed), 1968-1971 (aed), 1980-1981 (aed), 1989-1990 (aed), 1990 (aed), 1995-1996 (eds), 2002 (eds), 2004 (aed)

 

Éthiopie / Ethiopia

1964-1967 (aed), 1968-1971 (aed), 1980-1981 (aed), 1984 (rec), 1989-1990 (aed), 1990 (aed), 1994 (rec), 1995 (aed), 1998 (aed), 2000 (eds), 2005 (eds), 2007 (rec), 2010-2011 (eds), 2016 (eds)

 

Gabon

1960-1961 (aed), 1960-1961 (rec), 1969-1970 (rec), 1980 (rec), 1993 (rec), 2000-2001 (eds), 2003 (rec), 2012 (eds), 2013 (rec)

 

Gambie / Gambia

1963 (rec), 1973 (rec), 1983 (rec), 1993 (rec), 2000 (eim), 2003 (rec), 2005-2006 (eim), 2010 (eim), 2013 (rec), 2013 (eds), 2018 (eim), 2019-2020 (eds)

 

Ghana

1960 (ecr), 1960 (rec), 1968-1969 (aed), 1970 (ecr), 1970 (rec), 1979-1980 (emf), 1984 (rec), 1987-1988 (aed), 1988 (eds), 1993-1994 (eds), 1995 (eim), 1998-1999 (eds), 2000 (rec), 2003 (eds), 2006 (eim), 2007 (eds), 2008 (eds), 2010 (rec), 2011 (eim), 2014 (eds), 2017-2018 (eim)

 

Guinée / Guinea

1955 (aed), 1972 (rad), 1983 (rec), 1990 (rad), 1992 (eds), 1993 (mig), 1994-1995 (aes), 1996 (rec), 1999 (eds), 2002-2003 (aes), 2005 (eds), 2007 (aes), 2007-2008 (eim), 2012 (aes), 2012 (eds), 2014 (rec), 2016 (eim), 2018 (eds)

 

Guinée Bissau / Guinea-Bissau

1950 (rec), 1960 (rec), 1970 (rec), 1979 (rec), 1991 (rec), 1996 (eim), 2000 (eim), 2006 (eim), 2009 (rec), 2010 (eim), 2014 (eim), 2018-2019 (eim)

 

Guinée Équatoriale / Equatorial Guinea

1950 (rec), 1960 (rec), 1983 (rec), 1994 (rec), 2000 (eim), 2001 (rec), 2011 (eds), 2015 (rec)

 

Kenya

1948 (ecr), 1948 (rec), 1962 (ecr), 1962 (rec), 1969 (rec), 1973 (aed), 1977 (aed), 1977-1978 (emf), 1979 (rec), 1988-1989 (eds), 1989 (rec), 1993 (eds), 1998 (eds), 1999 (rec), 2000 (eim), 2003 (eds), 2008-2009 (eds), 2009 (rec), 2014 (eds), 2019 (rec)

 

Lesotho

1966 (rec), 1971 (aed), 1973 (aed), 1976 (rec), 1977 (emf), 1986 (rec), 1988-1989 (aed), 1993 (aed), 1996 (rec), 2000 (eim), 2001 (aed), 2002 (aed), 2004-2005 (eds), 2006 (rec), 2009-2010 (eds), 2014 (eds), 2016 (rec), 2018 (eim)

 

Liberia

1962 (rec), 1969-1971 (aed), 1974 (ecr), 1974 (rec), 1978-1979 (aed), 1984 (rec), 1986 (eds), 1989 (aed), 1995 (eim), 2006-2007 (eds), 2008 (rec), 2008-2009 (eds), 2013 (eds), 2019-2020 (eds)

 

Libye / Libya

1954 (rec), 1964 (rec), 1973 (rec), 1984 (rec), 1995 (tds), 1995 (rec), 2003 (eim), 2005 (tds), 2006 (rec)

 

Madagascar

1955-1958 (rad), 1959-1964 (onc), 1966 (aed), 1975 (rec), 1984 (aed), 1992 (eds), 1993 (rec), 1993-1994 (aes), 1995 (eim), 1997 (aes), 1997 (eds), 1999 (aes), 2000 (eim), 2001 (aes), 2003 (aes), 2003-2004 (eds), 2004-2005 (aes), 2008-2009 (eds), 2010 (aes), 2012-2013 (aes), 2018 (rec), 2018 (eim)

 

Malawi

1961 (aed), 1966 (rec), 1970-1972 (aed), 1977 (rec), 1982 (aed), 1984 (aed), 1987 (rec), 1992 (eds), 1995 (eim), 1998 (rec), 2000 (eds), 2004-2005 (eds), 2006 (eim), 2008 (rec), 2010 (eds), 2013-2014 (eim), 2015-2016 (eds), 2018 (rec)

 

Mali

1960-1961 (aed), 1976 (rec), 1985 (aed), 1987 (eds), 1987 (rec), 1992-1993 (mig), 1994 (aes), 1995-1996 (eds), 1995-1996 (rad), 1996 (eim), 1998 (rec), 2001 (eds), 2001-2002 (aes), 2003-2004 (aes), 2004 (aes), 2006 (eds), 2006-2007 (aes), 2009 (rec), 2009-2010 (aes), 2010 (aes), 2011-2019 (aes), 2012-2013 (eds), 2015 (eim), 2018 (eds)

 

Maroc / Morocco

1950-1952 (rec), 1960 (rec), 1961-1963 (aed), 1971 (rec), 1979-1980 (emf), 1982 (rec), 1986-1988 (epr), 1987 (eds), 1992 (eds), 1994 (rec), 1995 (eds), 1996-1997 (tds), 2000 (eim), 2003-2004 (eds), 2004 (rec), 2006 (eim), 2014 (rec)

 

Maurice / Mauritius

1944 (rec), 1952 (rec), 1962 (rec), 1972 (rec), 1975 (aed), 1983 (rec), 1985 (aed), 1990 (rec), 1991 (aed), 2000 (rec), 2002 (aed), 2011 (rec), 2014 (aed)

 

Mauritanie / Mauritania

1961-1966 (onc), 1976-1977 (rec), 1981-1982 (emf), 1988 (rec), 1990-1991 (tds), 1993 (mig), 1995-1996 (eim), 2000-2001 (rec), 2000-2001 (eds), 2003-2004 (eds), 2004-2005 (aes), 2007 (eim), 2008 (aes), 2011 (eim), 2013 (rec), 2014-2015 (aes), 2015 (eim)

 

Mauritius see Maurice

 

Mayotte

1958 (rec), 1966 (rec), 1978 (rec), 1985 (rec), 1991 (rec), 1997 (rec), 2002 (rec), 2007 (rec), 2012 (rec), 2017 (rec) Morocco see Maroc

 

Mozambique

1950 (rec), 1960 (rec), 1970 (rec), 1980 (rec), 1987 (aed), 1991 (aed), 1995 (eim), 1997 (eds), 1997 (rec), 2003 (eds), 2007 (rec), 2008 (eim), 2011 (eds), 2017 (rec)

 

Namibie / Namibia

1946 (rec), 1951 (rec), 1960 (rec), 1970 (rec), 1981 (rec), 1991 (rec), 1992 (eds), 2000 (eds), 2001 (rec), 2006-2007 (eds), 2011 (rec), 2013 (eds)

 

Niger

1959-1964 (onc), 1970-1971 (aed), 1977-1978 (rec), 1988 (rec), 1992 (eds), 1993 (mig), 1994 (aes), 1995-1996 (aes), 1996 (eim), 1998 (eds), 2000 (eim), 2001 (rec), 2005 (aes), 2006 (eds), 2007-2008 (aes), 2012 (rec), 2012 (eds), 2015 (aed), 2017-2018 (eds)

 

Nigeria

1952-1953 (rec), 1962 (rec), 1963 (rec), 1965-1966 (aed), 1971-1973 (aed), 1973 (rec), 1980-1981 (aed), 1981-1982 (emf), 1990 (eds), 1991 (rec), 1993 (mig), 1995 (eim), 1999 (eds), 1999 (eim), 2003 (eds), 2006 (rec), 2007 (eim), 2008 (eds), 2011 (eim), 2013 (eds), 2016-2017 (eim), 2018 (eds)

 

Ouganda / Uganda

1948 (ecr), 1948 (rec), 1959 (ecr), 1959 (rec), 1969 (rec), 1980 (rec), 1988-1989 (eds), 1991 (rec), 1995 (eds), 2000-2001 (eds), 2002 (aed), 2002 (rec), 2004-2005 (eds), 2006 (eds), 2014 (rec), 2016 (eds)

 

Réunion / Reunion

1946 (rec), 1954 (rec), 1961 (rec), 1963 (aed), 1967 (rec), 1974 (rec), 1982 (rec), 1986 (aed), 1990 (aed), 1990 (rec), 1997 (aed), 1999 (rec), 2006 (rec)

 

Rwanda

1952 (aed), 1970 (aed), 1978 (rec), 1981 (ecr), 1983 (emf), 1991 (rec), 1992 (eds), 1996 (aed), 1999-2001 (aes), 2000 (eds), 2000 (eim), 2002 (rec), 2003 (aes), 2005 (aes), 2005 (eds), 2007-2008 (eds), 2010-2011 (eds), 2010-2011 (aes), 2011 (aed), 2012 (rec), 2013-2014 (aes), 2014-2015 (eds), 2016-2017 (aes)

 

Sahara Occidental / Western Sahara

1950 (rec), 1960 (rec), 1974 (rec), 1982 (rec)

 

Sainte Hélène / Saint Helena

1946 (rec), 1956 (rec), 1966 (rec), 1976 (rec), 1987 (rec), 1998 (rec), 2008 (rec), 2016 (rec)

 

Sao Tome e Principe / Sao Tome and Principe

1950 (rec), 1960 (rec), 1970 (rec), 1981 (rec), 1991 (rec), 1995 (eim), 2000 (eim), 2001 (rec), 2006 (eim), 2008-2009 (eds), 2012 (rec), 2014 (eim), 2019 (eim)

 

South Africa see Afrique du Sud

 

Sénégal / Senegal

1960-1961 (aed), 1970-1971 (epr), 1976 (rec), 1978 (emf), 1979-1980 (mig), 1986 (eds), 1988 (rec), 1992-1993 (eds), 1993 (mig), 1994-1995 (aes), 1996 (eim), 1997 (eds), 1999-2000 (eds), 2000 (eim), 2001-2002 (aes), 2002 (rec), 2005 (eds), 2005-2006 (aes), 2006-2007 (aes), 2009 (mig), 2010-2011 (eds), 2010-2012 (aes), 2011 (aes), 2013 (rec), 2012-2018 (eds)

 

Seychelles

1947 (rec), 1960 (rec), 1971 (rec), 1977 (rec), 1981-1982 (rec), 1987 (rec), 1994 (rec), 1997 (rec), 2002 (rec), 2010 (rec)

 

Sierra Leone

1948 (aed), 1963 (rec), 1969-1970 (aed), 1973 (aed), 1974 (rec), 1985 (rec), 1987 (aed), 2000 (eim), 2004 (rec), 2005-2006 (eim), 2008 (eds), 2010 (eim), 2013 (eds), 2015 (rec), 2016 (eds), 2017 (eim), 2019 (eds)

 

Somalie / Somalia

1975 (rec), 1980-1981 (aed), 1986-1987 (rec), 1999 (eim), 2000 (eim), 2006 (eim)

 

Soudan / Sudan

1955-1956 (aed), 1964-1966 (aed), 1967-1968 (aed), 1973 (rec), 1978-1979 (emf), 1983 (rec), 1989-1990 (eds), 1992-1993 (tds), 1993 (rec), 2000 (eim), 2008 (rec), 2010 (eim), 2014 (eim)

 

Soudan du Sud / South Sudan

Jusqu’en 2011, voir Soudan

 

South Sudan

Untill 2011, see Soudan

 

Swaziland

1966 (rec), 1973 (aed), 1976 (rec), 1986 (aed), 1986 (rec), 1988 (aed), 1991 (aed), 1997 (rec), 2000 (eim), 2006-2007 (eds), 2007 (rec), 2010 (eim), 2017 (rec)

 

Tanzanie / Tanzania

1948 (ecr), 1948 (rec), 1957-1958 (rec), 1958 (ecr), 1967 (rec), 1973 (aed), 1978 (rec), 1988 (rec), 1991-1992 (eds), 1994 (eds), 1995 (eds), 1996 (eds), 1999 (eds), 2002 (rec), 2004-2005 (eds), 2007-2008 (eds), 2009-2010 (eds), 2012 (rec), 2015-2016 (eds), 2017 (eds)

 

Tchad / Chad

1962-1964 (onc), 1968 (rad), 1993 (rec), 1996-1997 (eds), 1998 (mig), 2000 (eim), 2004 (eds), 2009 (rec), 2010 (eim), 2011 (aes), 2014-2015 (eds), 2019 (eim)

 

Togo

1958-1960 (rec), 1961 (ecr), 1970 (rec), 1971 (ecr), 1981 (rec), 1988 (eds), 1998 (eds), 2000 (eim), 2006 (aes), 2006 (eim), 2010 (rec), 2010 (eim), 2011 (aes), 2013-2014 (eds), 2017 (eim)

 

Tunisie / Tunisia

1946 (rec), 1956 (rec), 1966 (rec), 1968-1969 (epr), 1975 (rec), 1978 (emf), 1984 (rec), 1988 (eds), 1989 (aed), 1994 (rec), 1994-1995 (tds), 2000 (eim), 2001 (tds), 2004 (rec), 2006 (eim), 2011-2012 (eim), 2014 (rec), 2018 (eim)

 

Uganda see Ougandaambie

 

Western Sahara see Sahara Occidental

 

Zambie / Zambia

1950 (aed), 1956 (aed), 1963 (rec), 1969 (rec), 1974 (aed), 1980 (rec), 1988 (aed), 1990 (rec), 1992 (eds), 1995 (eim), 1996-1997 (eds), 1999 (eim), 2000 (rec), 2001-2002 (eds), 2007 (eds), 2010 (rec), 2013-2014 (eds), 2018-2019 (eds)

 

Zimbabwe

1948 (aed), 1953-1955 (aed), 1962 (rec), 1969 (rec), 1982 (rec), 1982-1983 (aed), 1987-1988 (ecr), 1988-1989 (eds), 1992 (rec), 1994 (eds), 1999 (eds), 2002 (rec), 2005-2006 (eds), 2009 (eim), 2012 (rec), 2014 (eim), 2015 (eds), 2019 (eim)



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